work is based on a combination of civil engineering, landscape design, and
In Japanese history the landscape and the 'object' or architecture have
never functioned as opposites, they have always worked as one whole entity...
Space as the basic matter for architecture is changing. Architecture no
longer only deals with enclosed space or that a city and its buildings but
it also deals with psychological, virtual, or electronic space... When I
studied sociological relations in Africa with Hara, I first looked at the
relationships within a family and the roles of father and mother and so
on, drawing a kind of plan of family relations. I then compared it with
the shapes of houses and villages."
(kengo kuma- in "Shaking the Foundations, Japanese Architects")